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Implications of J&K Reorganisation Act.

A major decision to scrap Article 370 and Article 35 was passed in the parliament of India last year. Along with this the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha on August 5, 2019, by the Minister of Home Affairs. The Bill provided for the reorganisation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh..

Splitting and carving new states has been common in India but changing the status of an erstwhile state to a Union Territory is something that has happened for the first time.

The scrapping of the said article has long been in the manifesto of the BJP Party, yet, the sudden decision came as a major shock to political observers as well as to the opposition parties. Though the bill received near-unanimous support in the parliament, the decision to put the leading politicians of the valley under house arrest and to shut down communication networks in the entire valley was heavily criticised.

There was also a flagrant tossing away of rules and procedures in introducing the bill in the Rajya Sabha. The bill was not mentioned in the list of the business for the day. It was tabled and passed without any deliberation and discussion on the matter.

The move is highly consequential in both symbolism and substance. Let’s try and understand what the potential change of the status of a state to UT means and what its implications are going to be..

States are India’s building blocks. Each state has an elected assembly and a government to legislate on administrative matters including levying taxes and maintaining law and order. The seventh schedule of the Constitution demarcates the power of the centre and the states in separate lists, namely, Union List, State List, and the Concurrent List. All residual powers have been given to the center..

Devise suitable work plans: It may sound redundant to many but maintaining a suitable schedule goes a long way in staying upright and fit. A work plan doesn’t necessarily need to concur with the long-accepted standards of “early to bed and early to rise”. This is because there are individualistic needs and attitudes when it comes to studying in a comfort zone of your own. Find that comfort zone of studying, map it out, and stick to it. As psychological stress is too high during this time, there would definitely be instances where you might fail to follow the plan arduously. Don’t get too harsh on yourself when that happens as it is only too natural, just talk to yourself, make adjustments, cover-up for the loss another day, but most importantly, remember to not make this a habit.

Deciding on which form of government will India follow as an independent state, was a matter of much thought and deliberation among the constituent assembly members. There were some in the constituent assembly who argued for an independent autonomous provincial legislature and believed that a departure from provincial autonomy will in principle result in totalitarianism. .